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Connecticut Rules of Civil Procedure

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Connecticut Process Server Licensing Requirements All process shall be directed to a sheriff, his deputy, a constable or other proper officer authorized by statute, or, subject to the provisions of subsection (b) of this section, to an indifferent person. A direction on the process “to any proper officer” shall be sufficient to direct the process to a sheriff, deputy sheriff, constable or other proper officer.

Connecticut Rules of Civil Procedure Please note that lobbyists are active in the state of Connecticut and laws concerning civil procedure and process serving can change. Therefore the information listed below may have been amended. For updated process serving legislation, please visit the Connecticut State Legislature website.

Sec. 52-46

Sec. 52-46a

Sec. 52-48

Sec. 52-49.

Sec. 52-50

Sec. 52-54

Sec. 52-57

Sec. 52-57a

Sec. 52-59b

Sec. 52-59c

Sec. 52-59d

Sec. 52-60

Sec. 52-61

Sec. 52-62

Sec. 52-63

Sec. 52-143

Sec. 52-46.

Time for service.

Civil process, if returnable to the Supreme Court, shall be served at least thirty days, inclusive, before the day of the sitting of the court, and, if returnable to the Superior Court, at least twelve days, inclusive, before such day.

Sec. 52-46a.

Return of process.

Process in civil actions returnable to the Supreme Court shall be returned to its clerk at least twenty days before the return day and, if returnable to the Superior Court, except process in summary process actions and petitions for paternity and support, to the clerk of such court at least six days before the return day.

Sec. 52-48.

Return day of process.


All process shall be made returnable not later than two months

after the date of the process and shall designate the place where court is to be held. (1949 Rev., S. 7768; 1949, S. 3146d; 1967, P.A. 742, S. 1; 1969, P.A. 293, S. 1; P.A. 74-183, S. 80, 291; P.A. 76-436, S. 124, 681; P.A. 82-160, S. 9.) History: 1967 act added alternative of process being returnable on twelfth day following day of service and extended mandatory return date from “next but one” return day to “next but two” in first sentence, extended requirement place where court is to be held be designated where court is in New Haven county to all counties, and deleted provision that time within which pleadings be filed commence to run from first Tuesday of September following return day; 1969 act amended provisions re return of process to allow return in civil actions on any Tuesday rather than on twelfth day following day of service or on first Tuesday in any month and to require return not later than two months after date of process rather than on next return day or “next but two” and to delete provision which prohibited abatement of process in civil action because the term of the court was not stated in the process; P.A. 74-183 made special separate provision for return day in summary process actions, effective December 31, 1974; P.A. 76-436 removed court of common pleas from purview of section reflecting transfer of all trial jurisdiction to superior court, effective July 1, 1978; P.A. 82-160 rephrased section and inserted Subsec. indicators. Appeal from probate is an “action” under this section. 63 C. 413; 76 C. 285. The right to begin a civil action at any time, which has always existed in this state, is not to be destroyed by statutory implication. 73 C. 229. Cited. Id., 562. Return day cannot be changed before service without reissuing writ. 74 C. 38. Meaning of phrase “to which it can be made returnable” as applied to appeal. 83 C. 677. Correction of mistake as to return day of probate appeal before service. 91 C. 110. Not applicable to motion to supreme court for order requiring trial court to make finding. 95 C. 691. Cited. 122 C. 153; 134 C. 605; 154 C. 416. Cited. 165 C. 435, 438. Cited. 165 C. 435, 440. Cited. 178 C. 472, 477. Cited. 227 C. 848, 851, 853. Cited. 229 C. 618, 620. Cited. 232 C. 392, 399. Cited. 233 C. 352, 354. Cited. 4 CA 209, 214. Cited. 27 CA 590, 594. Cited. 31 CA 793, 795; judgment reversed, see 229 C. 618 et seq. Cited. 32 CA 335, 339. Cited. 33 CA 6, 8. Remedy for failure to return secondary process. 15 CS 307. Appeal from probate is a civil action within meaning of this section. 18 CS 480. Amendment allowed where writ for personal injuries served within one year of injury inadvertently designated a return day less than twelve days from date of service. 20 CS 160. To allow motion to amend return day of writ to an earlier date would nullify sections 52-46 and 52-47. 28 CS 489, 492, 493. Cited. 29 CS 519. Subsec. (a): Cited. 40 CS 243. Subsec. (b): Cited. 207 C. 547, 548, 554, 555. Cited. 236 C. 330, 339, 340. Cited. 36 CA 635, 640; judgment reversed, see 236 C. 330 et seq.

Sec. 52-49.

Service and return day of process in Circuit Court.

Appeals from administrative officers, when returnable.

Repealed. (1949 Rev., S. 7770; 1959, P.A. 28, S. 38, 106; 1961, P.A. 14; 1963, P.A. 642, S. 86; 1969, P.A. 494; P.A. 74-183, S. 81, 291; P.A. 76-436, S. 125, 681; P.A. 88-317, S. 28, 107; P.A. 89-174, S.7.) Cited. 25 Conn. Sup. 512. Summary process actin will not be abated for failure to file with clerk three days before return day. 2 Conn. Cir. Ct. 109. Where additional parties were cited in as parties defendant, the moving papers served on them did not constitute a new civil action process in which would be subject to provisions of this section. 3 Conn. Cir. Ct. 321.

Sec. 52-50.

Persons to whom process shall be directed.

Sec. 52-54.

Service of summons.

The service of a writ of summons shall be made by the officer reading it and the complaint accompanying it in the hearing of the defendant or by leaving an attested copy thereof with him or at his usual place of abode. When service is made by leaving an attested copy at the defendant’s usual place of abode, the officer making service shall note in his return the address at which such attested copy was left.

Sec. 52-57.

Manner of service upon individuals, municipalities, corporations, partnerships and voluntary associations.

Sec. 52-57a.

Service of process without state upon persons domiciled or subject to jurisdiction of courts in state.

A person domiciled in or subject to the jurisdiction of the courts of this state or his executor or administrator, may be served with process without the state, in the same manner as service is made within the state, by any person authorized to make service by the laws of the state, territory, possession or country in which service is to be made or by any duly qualified attorney, solicitor, barrister or equivalent in such jurisdiction.

Sec. 52-59b.

Jurisdiction of courts over nonresidents and foreign partnerships. Service of process.

Sec. 52-59c.

Service upon nonresident attaching creditor.

In any action brought to foreclose a mortgage or judgment, tax or mechanic’s lien, the attorney of record for any nonresident attaching creditor, nonresident judgment lienor or nonresident mortgagee who has commenced a foreclosure action on such mortgage shall be the agent for service of process upon the creditor in the foreclosure and further service shall not be required. Service of process shall be made by the officer to whom the process is directed upon the attorney by leaving with or at the office of the attorney, at least twelve days before the return day of the process, a true and attested copy thereof, and by sending to the defendant at his last-known address, by registered or certified mail, postage prepaid, a like true and attested copy, with an endorsement thereon of the service upon the attorney.

Sec. 52-59d.

Service of process outside country to be in accordance with treaty or convention or court order.

Sec. 52-60.

Judge of probate attorney for nonresident fiduciary.

Sec. 52-61.

Service upon nonresident fiduciaries.

Process in civil actions against a nonresident executor, administrator, conservator, guardian or trustee, in his representative capacity, or in his individual capacity in any action founded upon or arising from his acts or omissions as such executor, administrator, conservator, guardian or trustee, may be served by leaving a true and attested copy thereof with the judge of probate in the district where the estate is in settlement; and such judge shall forthwith give notice thereof to such executor, administrator, conservator, guardian or trustee.

Sec. 52-62.

Service upon nonresident in action for negligent operation of motor vehicle.

Sec. 52-63.

Service upon motor vehicle operator or owner not found at his recorded address.

Sec. 52-143.

Subpoenas for witnesses. Penalty for failure to appear and testify.

You should contact a Connecticut Process Server if you have specific questions about Process Serving in Connecticut.